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Porto Tolle

´╗┐www.comune.portotolle.ro.it

 

 

Informations
Municipality Porto Tolle
Municipal localities 11
Province Rovigo
Area Park Delta of the Po Veneto
Town surface Kmq 236
Inhabitants 13.360 c/as
Altitude -2 mt s.l.m. average
CAP 45018

 

 

Useful Numbers
TOWN HALL 0426/394411
POLICEMEN 112
POLICE 113
FIRE DEPARTMENT 115
ROAD ASSISTANCE 116
CHEMIST Ca’Tiepolo 0426/81255
CHEMIST Ca’Venier 0426/39083
CHEMIST Scardovari 0426/89021
CHEMIST Tolle 0426/384033
SANITARY EMERGENCY 118
PRO LOCO 0426/81150

 

 

The municipality

Porto Tolle is the most external municipality of the Delta with a surface of 236 sq km it is one of the largest of Italy.
It is enclosed between the branches of Po of Maistra and Po of Gnocca and is bisected by Po of Venice that originates the branch of the Po of Tolle, forming 3 great islands: the DONZELLA island, the island of CA ' VENIER, the island of POLESINE CAMERINI.
The abstract name of Porto Tolle, mirrors a territory unique in its kind. The Delta of the Po in fact, enclaves a good part of Porto Tolle with the most mutable environments: from the sandy shallows inlets, sand strips, islands with sandy beaches still uncontaminated, abandoned branches of the river, flood plains, basins and lagoons among which the fascinating and panoramic basin of the Scardovaris; to a landscape completely rural and adjacent to sites urbanized in the most modern way.
Everything is still edged by more fascinating characteristics: such as being at a level of 2 to 4 meters under the sea level. and therefore to be completely surrounded by tall banks that, at times, form a sort of natural amphitheatres that separates dry land from water.

 

 

Historical cues

The delta of the Po is, from a geologic point of view, a very young territory, formed by the deposits of sand that the flowing water, in thousands of years, has carried to its mouths. Those areas were considered void of history, while, instead, through the ancient Delta, intense commerce was developed with the whole of Europe.
Today the archaeological searches, bring to light unexpected findings that offer a more correct and true image of this “earth emerging from the waters.” The whole area that extends east of Adria is the product of a series of events tied up to natural evolution, as well as to human action..
In the last 4000 years, the Po has changed many times its course, especially in the terminal area, and has made progressive advance to the east, continually varying the configuration of its Delta. The present set up, is the result of an enterprise by the Venetians’ institutions that, at the end of ‘500, decided to divert , to the southeast, the course of the Po of the Furnaces, because the flood waters of the river, put in danger the lagoon in Venice.
The choice in reality, was tied to economic and commercial reasons with regard to the Dukedom of Este and of the Pontificial State.
The works, after long negotiations, began in the year1600 and were completed on the 15th of September 1604. New grounds, consisting mostly of marshes and swamps, were reclaimed from the sea.

 

The historical panorama of Porto Tolle, has been actually originated by the cut of Porto Viro. The Garzoni, the Tiepolos, the Veniers, the Farsetti, the Correggios, the Pisani, the Dolfin, the Soranzos and other Venetian families that had purchased the grounds, as they were reclaimed from the sea, and gave their name to the numerous settlements in the Delta, built manors for the managers of their proprieties, that were mostly utilizes for rice production.
In the 19th century, other owners, among which the Camerinis and the Jewish families Sullam and Ravenna joined, and sometimes replaced,
the original Venetian noble families. In 1797 the Republic of St. Mark collapsed and the Delta, in force of the Campoformio treaty became part of the territory of the Cisalpina republic. Also at the end of this century was founded the town of Porto Tolle (then called St. Nicolò of Ariano) which was previously part of the “podesteria of Loreo”.
From 1805 it became part to the Kingdom of Italy, and in the year 1815, after the congress of Vienna, passed to the Austrian dominion of Lombardo-Veneto.
The introduction of steam water scooping plants, allowed the reclaiming and, the transformation of vast damp areas into fully agricultural lands, with the consequent need for manpower. This need caused the influx of labourers and their families from other areas, and the development of numerous settlements. Porto Tolle was subjected to Austria till October 1866, when Veneto became part of the kingdom of Italy.
On April 23rd 1867 the town council of St. Nicolò deliberated that the new name of the town would be Porto Tolle, a name that “maintaining the idea of the topographical position, would be easily approved and recognized by the public.”
In the first years of 1900, the Delta still improved, even though more slowly, but, despite the works of reclamation, it continued to be a fairly marshy and inhospitable area that did not greatly develop until the years following the end of the second world war.